NAS Installation

Virtual box on NAS


So I think if you take the homeassistant ip and add the port from here 3389 you can ssh into the machine.

ssh -p 2222 user@host

Install Home Assistant

  • Install virtual box + extension from app center
  • admin/admin – default pw
  • once virtural box is running
  • search for home assistant install – https://www.home-assistant.io/installation/
  • We want windows – virtual box
  • then add the file to nas
  • then create new virtual machine
    (other linux system 65-bit)
  • pick ram
  • pick storage – existing
  • select image you downlaoded
  • macine – SETTINGS
    motherboard – enable EFI
    netowrk change to bridged adapter
  • then check cli output to get the ip address for home assitatnt.


    Install Home Assistant Operating System


    Follow this guide if you already are running a supported virtual machine hypervisor. If you are not familiar with virtual machines we recommend installation Home Assistant OS directly on a Raspberry Pi or an ODROID.


    Load the appliance image into your virtual machine hypervisor. (Note: You are free to assign as much resources as you wish to the VM, please assign enough based on your add-on needs). Minimum recommended assignments:
    • 2 GB RAM
    • 32 GB Storage
    • 2vCPU
    All these can be extended if your usage calls for more resources.


    KVM (virt-manager)
    KVM (virt-install)
    Vmware Workstation
    1. Create a new virtual machine
    2. Select Type “Linux” and Version “Linux 2.6 / 3.x / 4.x (64-bit)”
    3. Select “Use an existing virtual hard disk file”, select the unzipped VDI file from above
    4. Edit the “Settings” of the VM and go “System” then “Motherboard” and select “Enable EFI”
    5. Then go to “Network” “Adapter 1” choose “Bridged Adapter” and choose your Network adapter
    Please keep in mind that the bridged adapter only functions over a hardwired ethernet connection. Using Wi-Fi on your VirtualBox host is unsupported.
    6. Then go to “Audio” and choose “Intel HD Audio” as Audio Controller.
    By default VirtualBox does not free up unused disk space. To automatically shrink the vdi disk image the discard option must be enabled:
    VBoxManage storageattach <VM name> --storagectl "SATA" --port 0 --device 0 --nonrotational on --discard on


    1. Start the Virtual Machine
    2. Observe the boot process of Home Assistant Operating System
    3. Once completed you will be able to reach Home Assistant on homeassistant.local:8123. If you are running an older Windows version or have a stricter network configuration, you might need to access Home Assistant at homeassistant:8123 or http://X.X.X.X:8123 (replace X.X.X.X with your ’s IP address).
    With the Home Assistant Operating System installed and accessible you can continue with onboarding.

    Install Home Assistant Core


    To install Home Assistant Core on Windows, you will need to use the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Follow the WSL installation instructions and install Ubuntu from the Windows Store. As an alternative, Home Assistant OS can be installed in a Linux guest VM. Running Home Assistant Core directly on Windows is not supported.
    This is an advanced installation process, and some steps might differ on your system. Considering the nature of this installation type, we assume you can handle subtle differences between this document and the system configuration you are using. When in doubt, please consider one of the other installation methods, as they might be a better fit instead.
    PrerequisitesThis guide assumes that you already have an operating system setup and have installed Python 3.10 (including the package python3-dev) or newer.


    Before you start, make sure your system is fully updated, all packages in this guide are installed with apt, if your OS does not have that, look for alternatives.
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade -y
    Install the dependencies:
    sudo apt-get install -y python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip bluez libffi-dev libssl-dev libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf build-essential libopenjp2-7 libtiff5 libturbojpeg0-dev tzdata
    The above-listed dependencies might differ or missing, depending on your system or personal use of Home Assistant.


    Add an account for Home Assistant Core called homeassistant. Since this account is only for running Home Assistant Core the extra arguments of -rm is added to create a system account and create a home directory.
    sudo useradd -rm homeassistant


    First we will create a directory for the installation of Home Assistant Core and change the owner to the homeassistant account.
    sudo mkdir /srv/homeassistant
    sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant /srv/homeassistant
    Next up is to create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant Core. This will be done as the homeassistant account.
    sudo -u homeassistant -H -s
    cd /srv/homeassistant
    python3 -m venv .
    source bin/activate
    Once you have activated the virtual environment (notice the prompt change to (homeassistant) homeassistant@raspberrypi:/srv/homeassistant $) you will need to run the following command to install a required Python package.
    python3 -m pip install wheel
    Once you have installed the required Python package, it is now time to install Home Assistant Core!
    pip3 install homeassistant==2023.2.4
    Start Home Assistant Core for the first time. This will complete the installation for you, automatically creating the .homeassistant configuration directory in the /home/homeassistant directory, and installing any basic dependencies.
    You can now reach your installation via the web interface on http://homeassistant.local:8123. If this address doesn’t work you may also try http://localhost:8123 or http://X.X.X.X:8123 (replace X.X.X.X with your machines’ IP address).
    When you run the hass command for the first time, it will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies. This procedure may take anywhere between 5 to 10 minutes. During that time, you may get “site cannot be reached” error when accessing the web interface. This will only happen for the first time, and subsequent restarts will be much faster.
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